Developmental Biology Immunology Cell Culture

scientificprotocols authored almost 3 years ago

Authors: Ivan Zanoni & Renato Ostuni


Relative mRNA expression of the indicated genes in the indicated conditions was quantified using a 7500 Fast Real-Time PCR System (Applied Biosystems). To adjust for possible differences in the amount of template added to the reaction, 18s RNA served as an endogenous control (expression levels of the endogenous control were subtracted from expression levels of target genes). Each sample was assessed in replicate for both the target gene and the endogenous control. Each experiment was repeated at least three times to ensure statistical significance. Real-Time PCR primers (18 – 20 nucleotides) for the indicated genes were designed with Primer 3 according to stringent product size (75 – 150 nucleotides) and annealing temperature (58 – 63°C) specifications. Predicted unspecific primer binding and secondary structure formation were excluded using the BLAST and IDT tools


  1. Extract total RNA from at least 2×106 cells using TRIZOL reagent (Ambion) and the appropriate RNeasy RNA extraction kit (Qiagen).
  2. Reverse-transcribe 60 ng of total RNA with a High-capacity cDNA Reverse Transcription kit (Applied Biosystems) in a reaction volume of 200 microl.
  3. Prepare a reaction mix (25 μl) according to the following recipe:
    • 2X Sybr Green PCR Master Mix – 12,5 microl
    • 1 μM primer mix – 2,5 microl
    • cDNA (5 ng/microl) – 2 microl
    • water – 8 microl
  4. Perform Real-Time PCR on 10 ng of cDNA using a Power Sybr Green PCR Master MIX (Applied Biosystems).
  5. Start the amplification procedure according to the following standard 7500 run protocol: 50°C (2min) – 95°C (10min) – 95°C (15sec), 60°C (1min), 40 cycles – 95°C (15sec), 60°C.
  6. Perform a dissociation assay to evaluate any problem related to primer unspecific annealing or secondary structure formation.
  7. Analyze data with built-in SDS Analysis Software.

Associated Publications

CD14 regulates the dendritic cell life cycle after LPS exposure through NFAT activation. Ivan Zanoni, Renato Ostuni, Giusy Capuano, Maddalena Collini, Michele Caccia, Antonella Ellena Ronchi, Marcella Rocchetti, Francesca Mingozzi, Maria Foti, Giuseppe Chirico, Barbara Costa, Antonio Zaza, Paola Ricciardi-Castagnoli, and Francesca Granucci, Nature 460 (7252) 264 - 268 09/07/2009 doi:10.1038/nature08118

Author information

Ivan Zanoni & Renato Ostuni, University of Milano-Bicocca

Source: Protocol Exchange (2009) doi:10.1038/nprot.2009.138. Originally published online 18 June 2009.

Average rating 0 ratings